How to kickstart your career in science with a B.Sc degree?

  • By Kirti Yadav
  • 11 April 2022

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B.Sc i.e. Bachelor of Science offers a myriad of opportunities to explore during undergraduate for students with a science background in their 12th standard. Spanning three to four years, this course consists of multiple subject alternatives. It comprises both theoretical and practical understanding based on the specialisation of the subject matters. Here, we will have a look at what are those specific subjects available within the umbrella course of B.Sc, the yearly syllabus of most of them, and the best books for the respective subjects.

B.Sc Subjects

As mentioned above, a B.Sc degree is a mixture of theories and practical understanding with a focus on experimentation and research. A B.Sc programme is best for those who wish to make a career in academia, as a researcher or as a professor, or in applied research in the industry. The degree provides students with a deep dive into a scientific sub-stream of their choice. 

B.Sc has several specialisations like- Maths, Zoology, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Botany, Statistics, Psychology, Nutrition, Forestry, Computer Science, Home Science, Microbiology, Genetics, Agriculture etc.

Let us look at the popular subjects and their syllabus.

B.Sc Syllabus of the Top 5 Popular Courses - 1st, 2nd, and 3rd years

B.Sc Computer Science

In today's digital world and future metaverse, demand for people knowledgeable and skilled in the field of Computer Science is skyrocketing. So, it's quite obvious that the majority of the students dream to enrol themselves in the top educational institutions providing this course. 

Following are the syllabi of this course you will come across, depending upon the course structure set by the respective institutes:

Introduction to Digital Electronics Front Office Management
Basics of Computer Science Discrete Mathematics
Environmental Sciences Computer Organisation
Foundational Course in Mathematics Fundamentals of Open Source Software-LINUX
Object-Oriented Programming using C++ Database Management Systems
Functional English-I Value and Ethics
Technical Writing System Analysis and Design
Analytical Skill Development-I Analytical Skill Development-II
Introduction to Data Structures Numerical Analysis
Operating Systems Concepts Introduction to Computer Network
System Software System Programming
Python Programming Introduction to Web Technology
Introduction to Software Engineering Project Work

B.Sc Physics

B.Sc Physics is yet another course that has an interesting list of subjects that cover topics pertaining to matter and energy.

The subjects that students study in this course are as follows:

Mathematical Physics Electricity and Magnetism
Mechanics Solid State Physics
Analog Systems and Applications Statistical Mechanics
Elements of Modern Physics Electromagnetic Theory
Kinetic Theory and Thermodynamics Electronic Devices
Mechanics and Wave Motion Atomic and Molecular Physics
Nuclear & Particle Physics Quantum Mechanics and Applications
Waves and Optics Numerical Analysis
Optics Mathematical Analysis & Statistics
Mathematics Microprocessors & Computer Programming
Thermal Physics Digital Electronics
Digital Systems and Applications Chemistry
Oscillations & Waves Technical Writing & Communication in English

B.Sc Mathematics

One of the most practical course options among B.Sc specialisations. Apart from enhancing your analytical reasoning, this course will also equip you with knowledge pertaining to various mathematical theories and their applications.

One would get their hands on the following syllabus if pursuing B.Sc Mathematics: 

Calculus Algebra
Basic Statistics & Probability Probability Theory
Vector Analysis Numerical Analysis
Linear Programming & Its Applications Ring Theory and Linear Algebra
Discrete Mathematics Theory of Real Functions
Complex Analysis Linear Programming
Abstract Algebra Mechanics
Matrices Data Structures and Operating Systems
Sequences & Series of Real Numbers Differential Equations
Real Analysis Analytical Solid Geometry

B.Sc Chemistry

This branch of science deals with substances, chemicals, elements and understanding their reactions. It is indeed a complex yet beautiful area of study.

The course of B.Sc Chemistry has an impressive list of subjects as well:

Inorganic Chemistry
Atomic Structure Periodic Properties
Chemical Bonding Chemistry of Noble Gases
s-Block Elements p-Block Elements
Organic Chemistry
Structure and Bonding Mechanism of Organic Reactions
Alkanes and Cycloalkanes Stereochemistry of Organic Compounds
Alkenes, Cycloalkenes, Dienes, and Alkynes Arenes and Aromaticity
Alkyl and Aryl Halides
Physical Chemistry
Mathematical Concepts Computers
Gaseous States Liquid State
Colloidal States Chemical Kinetics and Catalysis
Solid States -

B.Sc Biology

This course deals with studying biological aspects of living organisms and their behaviour in and around the environment. You will study the following subjects if you take up B.Sc Biology:

Biophysics Biochemical Techniques
Biomaterials Biodiversity
Plant Biochemistry  Microbiology
Endocrinology Animal Behaviour and Chrono-Biology
Natural Resource Management Stress Biology
Genetics Growth and Reproduction
Analytical Techniques in Plant Sciences Public Health and Management
Systems Physiology Recombinant DNA Technology
Metabolism and Integration Protein and Enzymes
Medical Botany Cell Biology
Ecology Molecular Biology

B.Sc 1st Year Syllabus

B.Sc 1st year subjects and syllabus are such that they lay a strong foundation and introduce the students to the fundamentals of their chosen field.

Physics First Year Syllabus

Mechanics and Properties of Matter Semiconductor Devices
Waves and Optics I Computer Programming
Organic Chemistry Thermodynamics
Physical Chemistry Classical Mechanics and Relativity
Physics Lab Practicals Chemistry Lab Practicals

Chemistry First Year Syllabus

Organic Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry
Physical Chemistry Computer Applications of Chemistry
Practical and Project Modelling and Drug Design

Botany First Year Syllabus

Introduction to Biology Mycology and Phytopathology
Archegoniate Algae and Microbiology
Biochemistry Chemistry I and II

Zoology First Year Syllabus

Ecology Microbiology
Cell and Molecular Biology Wildlife Forensics
Biochemistry and Cellular Basis of Life Evolution and Genetics
Microbial Diversity Biosphere

Mathematics First Year Syllabus

Elementary Algebra and Trigonometry Differential and Integral Calculus
Analytical Geometry and Vector Analysis Group Theory
Real Analysis Differential Equations

Computer Science First Year Syllabus

Introduction to Digital Electronics Basics of Computer Science
Introduction to Windows Foundational Mathematics
Principles of Computer Organisation Database Management Systems
Introduction to Programming Fundamentals of Open Source Software

B.Sc 2nd Year Syllabus

After gaining insights into the fundamentals of their chosen science sub-stream, B.Sc students in their second-year attempt to gain an understanding of higher and advanced concepts.

Physics Second Year Syllabus

Electricity Magnetism and Electromagnetic Theory Nuclear Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics Basic and Digital Electronics
Biophysics and Radiation Science Statistical Physics
Inorganic Chemistry Physics Lab Practical
Quantum and Laser Physics Waves and Optics II

Chemistry Second Year Syllabus

Chemionfications Basic Analytical Chemistry
Chemical Technology and Society Chemical Biochemistry
Industrial Chemistry Polymer Chemistry
IT Skills in Chemistry Practical

Botany Second Year Syllabus

Plant Resource Utilisation Cell Biology I and II
Molecular Biology I and II Ecology and Phytogeography
Plant Development and Anatomy Biomathematics and Statistics

Zoology Second Year Syllabus

Biology of Vertebrates Biology of Invertebrates
Entomology Wildlife Conservation
Organismal and Population Biology Animal Behaviour
Ethology Zoo Science

Mathematics Second Year Syllabus

Theory of Real Functions Multivariate Calculus
Riemann Integration and Series of Functions Partial Differential Equations
Vector Spaces and Matrices Advanced Algebra

Computer Science Second Year Syllabus

Introduction to Embedded Systems System Analysis and Design
Fundamentals of PHP Object-Oriented Programming (C++)
Fundamentals of Java Arrays

B.Sc 3rd Year Syllabus

After two years of studying fundamentals and certain advanced concepts, B.Sc 3rd year students are exposed to some more heavy-lifting and application-based understanding.

B.Sc Physics Third Year Syllabus

Applied Optics Renewable Energy
Oscillations and Waves Quantum Mechanics
Solid-State and Nano Physics Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy
Waves and Optics III Statistical Mechanics
Physics Lab Practical Numerical Analysis

B.Sc Chemistry Third Year Syllabus

Inorganic Chemistry II Organometallic Chemistry
Nuclear Chemistry Physical Chemistry II
Inorganic and Organic Chemistry Practical Physical Chemistry Practical

B.Sc Botany Third Year Syllabus

Plant Physiology Environmental Management
Plant Systematics and Evolution Bioinformatics
Genetics and Genomics I and II Reproductive Biology of Angiosperms
Plant Metabolism Plant Biotechnology

B.Sc Zoology Third Year Syllabus

Marine Ecology Oncology and Immunology
Behavioural Physiology Parasitology
Community and Population Ecology Anthropogenic Threats to Biosphere
Behaviour of Domesticated Animals Wildlife Conservation

B.Sc Mathematics Third Year Syllabus

Complex Analysis Mathematical Statistics
Ring Theory and Linear Algebra Functions of Several Variables
Numerical Methods Group Theory

B.Sc Computer Science Third Year Syllabus

Operating Systems Concepts Fundamentals of Python
System Softwares Computer Networks
Number Systems and Codes Numerical Analysis
Data Structures Introduction to Software Engineering

Best Books for B.Sc Courses

Tons of books, research papers, thesis, and whatnot have been published in the field of science, that can especially assist the students of B.Sc in their pursuit of knowledge in the respective areas of specialisation. Therefore, recommending a few of them is a tough task. But yes, one can definitely point out the best among the rest for developing the foundational proficiency of B.Sc. Following is the list of such amazing books that you can refer to in order to begin the journey of never-ending learning process:

Thermal Physics BK Agarwal
Textbook of Tensor Calculus and Differential Geometry Nayak PK
Solid-state and Electronics BL Theraja
Cell Biology and Genetics PK Gupta
Inorganic Chemistry Shriver and Atkins
Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry David L Nelson
Understanding Solid State Physics Sharon Ann Holgate
Advanced Inorganic Chemistry Cotton and Wilkinson
Fundamentals of Applied Statistics SC Gupta & VK Kapoor
Optics, Principles, and Applications KK Sharma
Mathematical Methods for Physicists Arfken
Electromagnetic Theory U A Bakshi and A V Bakshi
Fundamental Concepts of Inorganic Chemistry Asim K Das
A Text-Book of Vector Analysis Narayan Shanti and Mittal P
Contemporary Abstract Algebra Joseph A Gallia

Best Books for B.Sc

B.Sc Physics Best Books

Book Title Book Author
Modern Physics John R. Taylor, Chris D. Zafiratos
Optics G. Kaur and G.R. Pickrell
Waves and Oscillations N K Bajaj
Quantum Physics E.H. Wichman
Concepts of Modern Physics Arthur Beiser

B.Sc Chemistry Best Books

Book Title Book Author
Inorganic Chemistry Shriver and Atkins
Organic Chemistry IL Filner
A Guidebook to Mechanism in Organic Chemistry Peter Sykes
Physical Chemistry P Atkins and J De Paula
Advanced Problems in Physical Chemistry Neeraj Kumar

B.Sc Botany Best Books

Book Title Book Author
Plant Physiology Taiz and Zeiger
Cell - A Molecular Approach Cooper and Hausmann
The Cambridge Illustrated Glossary of Botanical Terms Micheal Hickey and Clive King
Concise Encyclopaedia of Plant Pathology P. Vidhyasekaran
Principles of Biochemistry Lehninger

B.Sc Zoology Best Books

Book Title Book Author
Ecology PD Sharma
Animal Behaviour VK Aggarwal
Physiology: Principles of Anatomy and Physiology Tortora
Genetics: Concept of Genetics Klug and Cummings

B.Sc Mathematics Best Books

Book Title Book Author
Contemporary Abstract Algebra Joseph A Gallian
Introduction to Algorithms Cormen, Leiserson, Rivest, Stein
Calculus - Single and Multi-Variable Hughes-Hallett
A Text-Book of Vector Analysis Narayan Shanti and Mittal PK

B.Sc Computer Science Best Books

Book Title Book Author
Theory of Computer Science K. L. P. Mishra and N. Chandrasekaran
Mathematical structures for Computer Science Judith L. Gersting
Fundamentals of Database Systems Ramez Elmasri
Data Structures with Java J. R Hubbard
Practical Data Acquisition For Instrumentation and Control Systems John Park and Steve MacKay

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