B.Sc. Syllabus: Subjects and Books

  • By Bhavya Thakkar
  • 8 April 2022

A B.Sc. or Bachelor of Science is a 3-year undergraduate degree after 10+2 level, focused on the study of hardcore science subjects, like Physics, Botany, Zoology, Chemistry, Mathematics, or Statistics. Some subjects like economics, which are otherwise studied in B.A. programmes are also offered as B.Sc. specialisations by certain universities. A BSc programme is best for those who wish to make a career in academia, as a researcher or as a professor, or in applied research in the industry. The degree provides students with a deep dive into a scientific sub-stream of their choice. 

Post a BSc, many students opt for a rewarding career in research or teaching. Some go on to pursue higher degrees like MSc to strengthen their understanding of the field, or an MBA to bolster their job prospects in science-based industries like pharmaceuticals. Some others may land an opportunity in such industries with their BSc as well, and hence begin working right after.

Overall, a BSc degree is highly recommended for those who are intrigued by the sheer depth of human understanding of science . BSc syllabus, subjects, and books depend upon the area of specialisation of the BSc student. Here in this blog, we will explore these for the most popular BSc specialisations. Each institution provides its curriculum with , commonalities and general structure.

BSc: Syllabus, Subjects & Books

Generally, a BSc programme is 6-semester spread over three years, though some institutions provide an annual scheme of examinations as well. Some of the best BSc universities and colleges in India include 

  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc)
  • Delhi University
  • Loyola College
  • Madras Christian College
  • IITs
  • Christ University
  • St. Xavier’s College
  • Stella Maris College
  • Banaras Hindu University (BHU)
  • Presidency University 

Most colleges allow for direct admission on the basis of merit, while some conduct entrance exams or accept scores of other exams like CUCET, JET, BHU UET and NPAT.

As stated previously, the purpose of a BSc degree is to provide the students with a complete basic to intermediate understanding of their chosen scientific area. Most commonly studied and taught BSc specialisations include Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, Mathematics and Computer Science. Given below is a brief overview of these subject streams followed by the year-wise syllabus for common specialisations.

BSc Specialisation Subjects

BSc Physics

Physics is the branch of science concerned with the nature and properties of matter and energy. Some subjects included in BSc Physics are as follows.

Classical Mechanics Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics Electromagnetism and Photonics
Relativistic Mechanics Optics and Acoustics Quantum Mechanics
Thermal Physics Condensed Matter Physics Waves and Optics
Solid state Physics Mathematical Physics Nuclear and Particle Physics

BSc Chemistry

The branch of science concerned with the substances of which matter is composed, the investigation of their properties and reactions, and the use of such reactions to form new substances, is Chemistry. Subjects studied under BSc Chemistry include -

Organic Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry Industrial Chemistry
Green Chemistry Energy and Fuel Cells Material Science
Nanotechnology Polymer Chemistry Biochemistry

BSc Botany

Botany is the scientific study of a selected class of living organisms: plants, algae and fungi. Core subjects studied under BSc Botany are as follows -

Biodiversity- Mycology and Phytopathology Plant Development and Anatomy Plant Resource Utilisation
Cell Biology Molecular Biology  Anatomy of Algae and Fungi

BSc Zoology

BSc Zoology graduates undertake scientific study of animals and their biological processes. Mandatory subjects studied by them are as follows -

Cell Biology Molecular Biology Animal Biology
Microbiology Biotechnology Genetics and Genomics
Immunology Evolution Biosphere

BSc Mathematics

Those looking to make a career in Mathematics almost always begin with a BSc Mathematics. Following are some subjects that all BSc Mathematics students study.

Calculus Algebra Real Analysis
Differential Equations Trigonometry Analytical Geometry
Vector Analysis Group Theory Mechanics
Probability & Mathematical Statistics Complex Analysis Metric Spaces

BSc Computer Science

A BSc in Computer Science helps build a strong foundation for a career or higher studies in the domain of IT and Digital Tools. Some core subjects studied include -

Introduction to Computers Programming Concepts Functions and Arrays
Computer Organisation Skills Database Management Systems Introduction to Embedded Systems
Number Systems and Codes Data Mining Computer Networks
Control Structures Mathematical Foundation for Computer Science Operating System Softwares

Other Subjects

Other popular subjects in which a Bachelor in Science (BSc) degree can be earned are -

  • Biotechnology
  • Agriculture
  • IT
  • Forensic Science
  • Nursing
  • Horticulture Science
  • Aquaculture
  • Food Technology
  • Fashion Technology
  • Microbiology
  • Psychology
  • Physiology
  • Economics
  • Statistics
  • Home Science

BSc 1st Year Syllabus

BSc 1st year subjects and syllabus are such that they lay a strong foundation and introduce the students to the fundamentals of their chosen field.

BSc Physics First Year Syllabus

Mechanics and Properties of Matter Semiconductor Devices
Waves and Optics I Computer Programming
Organic Chemistry Thermodynamics
Physical Chemistry Classical Mechanics and Relativity
Physics Lab Practicals Chemistry Lab Practicals

BSc Chemistry First Year Syllabus

Organic Chemistry Inorganic Chemistry
Physical Chemistry Computer Applications of Chemistry
Practical and Project Modelling and Drug Design

BSc Botany First Year Syllabus

Introduction to Biology Mycology and Phytopathology
Archegoniate Algae and Microbiology
Biochemistry Chemistry I and II

BSc Zoology First Year Syllabus

Ecology Microbiology
Cell and Molecular Biology Wildlife Forensics
Biochemistry and Cellular Basis of Life Evolution and Genetics
Microbial Diversity Biosphere

BSc Mathematics First Year Syllabus

Elementary Algebra and Trigonometry Differential and Integral Calculus
Analytical Geometry and Vector Analysis Group Theory
Real Analysis Differential Equations

BSc Computer Science First Year Syllabus

Introduction to Digital Electronics Basics of Computer Science
Introduction to Windows Foundational Mathematics
Principles of Computer Organisation Database Management Systems
Introduction to Programming Fundamentals of Open Source Software

BSc 2nd Year Syllabus

After gaining insights into the fundamentals of their chosen science sub-stream, BSc students in second year attempt to gain understanding of higher and advanced concepts.

BSc Physics Second Year Syllabus

Electricity Magnetism and Electromagnetic Theory Nuclear Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics Basic and Digital Electronics
Biophysics and Radiation Science Statistical Physics
Inorganic Chemistry Physics Lab Practical
Quantum and Laser Physics Waves and Optics II

BSc Chemistry Second Year Syllabus

Chemionfications Basic Analytical Chemistry
Chemical Technology and Society Chemical Biochemistry
Industrial Chemistry Polymer Chemistry
IT Skills in Chemistry Practical

BSc Botany Second Year Syllabus

Plant Resource Utilisation Cell Biology I and II
Molecular Biology I and II Ecology and Phytogeography
Plant Development and Anatomy Biomathematics and Statistics

BSc Zoology Second Year Syllabus

Biology of Vertebrates Biology of Invertebrates
Entomology Wildlife Conservation
Organismal and Population Biology Animal Behaviour
Ethology Zoo Science

BSc Mathematics Second Year Syllabus

Theory of Real Functions Multivariate Calculus
Riemann Integration and Series of Functions Partial Differential Equations
Vector Spaces and Matrices Advanced Algebra

BSc Computer Science Second Year Syllabus

Introduction to Embedded Systems System Analysis and Design
Fundamentals of PHP Object Oriented Programming (C++)
Fundamentals of Java Arrays

BSc 3rd Year Syllabus

After two years of studying fundamentals and certain advanced concepts, BSc 3rd year students are exposed to some more heavy-lifting and application-based understanding.

BSc Physics Third Year Syllabus

Applied Optics Renewable Energy
Oscillations and Waves Quantum Mechanics
Solid State and Nano Physics Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy
Waves and Optics III Statistical Mechanics
Physics Lab Practical Numerical Analysis

BSc Chemistry Third Year Syllabus

Inorganic Chemistry II Organometallic Chemistry
Nuclear Chemistry Physical Chemistry II
Inorganic and Organic Chemistry Practical Physical Chemistry Practical

BSc Botany Third Year Syllabus

Plant Physiology Environmental Management
Plant Systematics and Evolution Bioinformatics
Genetics and Genomics I and II Reproductive Biology of Angiosperms
Plant Metabolism Plant Biotechnology

BSc Zoology Third Year Syllabus

Marine Ecology Oncology and Immunology
Behavioural Physiology Parasitology
Community and Population Ecology Anthropogenic Threats to Biosphere
Behaviour of Domesticated Animals Wildlife Conservation

BSc Mathematics Third Year Syllabus

Complex Analysis Mathematical Statistics
Ring Theory and Linear Algebra Functions of Several Variables
Numerical Methods Group Theory

BSc Computer Science Third Year Syllabus

Operating Systems Concepts Fundamentals of Python
System Softwares Computer Networks
Number Systems and Codes Numerical Analysis
Data Structures Introduction to Software Engineering

Best Books for Bsc

BSc Physics Best Books

Book Title Book Author
Modern Physics John R. Taylor, Chris D. Zafiratos
Optics G. Kaur and G.R. Pickrell
Waves and Oscillations N K Bajaj
Quantum Physics E.H. Wichman
Concepts of Modern Physics Arthur Beiser

BSc Chemistry Best Books

Book Title Book Author
Inorganic Chemistry Shriver and Atkins
Organic Chemistry IL Filner
A Guidebook to Mechanism in Organic Chemistry Peter Sykes
Physical Chemistry P Atkins and J De Paula
Advanced Problems in Physical Chemistry Neeraj Kumar

BSc Botany Best Books

Book Title Book Author
Plant Physiology Taiz and Zeiger
Cell - A Molecular Approach Cooper and Hausmann
The Cambridge Illustrated Glossary of Botanical Terms Micheal Hickey and Clive King
Concise Encyclopaedia of Plant Pathology P. Vidhyasekaran
Principles of Biochemistry Lehninger

BSc Zoology Best Books

Book Title Book Author
Ecology PD Sharma
Animal Behaviour VK Aggarwal
Physiology: Principles of Anatomy and Physiology Tortora
Genetics: Concept of Genetics Klug and Cummings

BSc Mathematics Best Books

Book Title Book Author
Contemporary Abstract Algebra Joseph A Gallian
Introduction to Algorithms Cormen, Leiserson, Rivest, Stein
Calculus - Single and Multi Variable Hughes-Hallett
A Text Book of Vector Analysis Narayan Shanti and Mittal P K

BSc Computer Science Best Books

Book Title Book Author
Theory of Computer Science K. L. P. Mishra and N. Chandrasekaran
Mathematical structures for Computer Science Judith L. Gersting
Fundamentals of Database Systems Ramez Elmasri
Data Structures with Java J. R Hubbard
Practical Data Acquisition For Instrumentation and Control Systems John Park and Steve MacKay

To conclude, BSc is a great way to kickstart your career in science; the avenues ahead are very lucrative and during the time of study, useful and practical insights are offered. Hope this blog was helpful for understanding BSc syllabus, subjects and books. All the best!


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