What is the Full Form of MCA

  • By Bhavya Thakkar
  • 2 March 2023
MCA Full Form - What is the Full Form of MCA

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MCA stands for Master of Computer Applications, and it is a three-year program in a computer science subject. The program is designed to provide students with a strong foundation in computer science and application development.

The MCA program is ideal for individuals who want to pursue a career in the field of information technology. The program equips students with the necessary skills and knowledge to work in various roles such as software developers, system analysts, network administrators, database administrators, web developers, and IT managers. The high number of MCA admissions each year demonstrates the course's popularity and demand among students.

What does MCA's full form imply?

The full form of MCA is "Master of Computer Applications" which indicates that it is a postgraduate program, the term "Computer Applications" refers to the practical application of computer technology to solve real-world problems. The MCA program focuses on providing students with a comprehensive understanding of computer applications and equips them with the necessary skills to develop and manage software applications. 

MCA Course Highlights 

Full Form of MCA

Master of Computer Application 

Course Duration 

3 years 

Available Course Type 

Full time, Online and Distance Learning 

Entrance Exams 


Eligibility Criteria 

Candidates who have qualified B.E/B.Tech/B.Sc in computer science/ BCA degree with mathematics as one of the subjects are eligible for the MCA program.

Average Course Fees

30,000 - 2 Lakhs 

Average Salary Package 

5.3 LPA

What does the MCA Program include? 

The MCA program provides students an opportunity to learn advanced knowledge and skills in various aspects of computer applications, software development, and information technology.

Here are some of the key areas that comprise the MCA Programs. 

Programming languages: The MCA course covers various programming languages such as C, C++, Java, Python, and others. It provides students with a strong foundation in programming and helps them develop the skills necessary to write efficient and effective code.

Software engineering: The program teaches students the principles and practices of software engineering, including software design, development, testing, and maintenance.

Database management systems: The MCA degree course covers the design, development, and management of databases. It teaches students about different types of databases, SQL, data warehousing, and data mining.

Computer networks: The program includes the study of computer networks, including network architecture, protocols, and technologies such as LAN, WAN, and the Internet.

Web development: The MCA program covers the development of web applications and websites, including HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and other web technologies.

Operating systems: The program includes the study of operating systems such as Windows, Linux, and Unix, including their architecture, components, and functionality.

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: The MCA program also includes the study of AI and ML techniques, including supervised and unsupervised learning, neural networks, deep learning, and other related topics.

Admission Process for MCA Courses: How to apply?

To apply for an MCA (Master of Computer Applications) course in India, follow the below steps:

  • Research: Look for colleges and universities that offer MCA programs and gather information about the admission process, eligibility criteria, entrance exams, and application deadlines. You can find all of this information about MCA programs further down in this article. 

  • Register for an Entrance Exam: Most colleges and universities in India require applicants to take a common entrance test for MCA admissions. Some of the popular entrance exams include NIMCET, IPU CET, TANCET, MAH MCA CET, etc. Check the respective websites of the entrance exams for registration and application process.

  • Fill out the Application Form: After registering for the entrance exam, you will be able to fill out the application form. You will need to provide personal and academic details, along with uploading required documents, such as mark sheets, certificates, and photographs. Pay the application fee online.

  • Admit Card: After submitting the application form, you will be able to download the admit card from the respective entrance exam website.

  • Entrance Exam: Appear for the entrance exam on the scheduled date and time.

  • Results and Counselling: The results of the entrance exam will be announced on the respective websites. Based on your rank and eligibility, you may be called for counselling to secure admission to your preferred college or university.

Detailed Eligibility Criteria for MCA Degree Course 

The eligibility criteria for MCA courses in India are divided into multiple dimensions. Students aspiring to pursue an MCA degree course can check out the below-mentioned norms and guidelines for admission. 

  • Candidates who have completed a BCA Degree with a minimum of 50% of marks are eligible for MCA. 
  • Candidates with a B.Sc degree in computer science are also eligible to apply. 
  • Candidates who have passed a B.Sc in any other subject than computer science with mathematics as one of the subjects are eligible to apply to the MCA program.
  • Candidates who have completed B.A/B.Com/B.Sc. degree in any discipline with mathematics as a subject are also eligible to apply. 

MCA Entrance Exam Pattern and Syllabus

For a better understanding of the MCA entrance examination, students should consider the following exam pattern and syllabus.

Exam Pattern:

  • The MCA entrance exam is usually a computer-based test (CBT).
  • The duration of the exam is typically 2-3 hours.
  • The exam consists of multiple-choice questions (MCQs).
  • Each question carries one mark, and a negative marking for wrong answers may also be applicable.

The MCA entrance exam syllabus generally covers the following topics:

Mathematics: Topics in Mathematics may include algebra, calculus, differential equations, probability, statistics, and mathematical reasoning.

Analytical Ability and Logical Reasoning: This section tests a candidate's ability to analyse information, solve problems, and think logically. Topics may include data interpretation, quantitative aptitude, puzzles, and analytical reasoning.

Computer Awareness: This section tests a candidate's knowledge of computer basics, computer networks, programming concepts, and database management systems.

General Awareness: This section may include questions on current affairs, general knowledge, and socio-economic issues.

It is advisable to check the specific syllabus prescribed by the university or institution before starting the preparation for the exam.

National and State level entrance examinations for MCA Courses 

Here is a list of all the important entrance exams offered by various universities, along with their application deadlines.

Exam Name

Conducted By

Held in 

Level and mode of Exam

Last Day to apply 


National Institutes of Technology (NITs) for admission to their MCA programs. 

In the month of May or June each year. 

National Level Examination 

2nd week of May 2023


Kakatiya University, Warangal on behalf of the Telangana State Council of Higher Education (TSCHE)

In the month of May or June each year

State Level Examination 

Last week of June 2023


Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University (AKTU)

In the month of May each year

State Level Examination 

4th week of April 2023


Banaras Hindu University (BHU)

4th week of September

University Level Examination 

1st week of September 2023


The Himachal Pradesh Technical University

In the month of May each year

State Level Examination 

4th week of April 2023


Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (GGSIPU)

In the month of April or May each year

University-level Examination 

31st May 2023


West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board (WBJEEB)

In the month of July each year

State Level Examination 

08 February 2023


National Testing Agency

June 1 to 10 2023

National Level Examination 

18 June 2023

Direct Admission Procedure for MCA Programs 

Some colleges and universities may have a specific process for direct admission, while others may consider the application on a case-by-case basis. Here are some common steps involved in the direct admission procedure for MCA programs:

  • Research and select the college or university: Look for colleges or universities that offer MCA programs and meet your academic and financial needs.

  • Check eligibility criteria: Make sure you meet the eligibility criteria specified by the college or university for direct admission.

  • Submit the application: Submit the application form along with the required documents, such as academic transcripts, ID proof, and passport-sized photographs, as specified by the college or university.

  • Pay the fees: Pay the fees for the MCA program, as specified by the college or university.

  • Wait for the MCA admission confirmation: Once you have submitted your application and paid the fees, you will have to wait for the college or university to confirm your admission.

Specialisations in MCA 

Some specialisations within MCA that you may consider are

  • Web Development: This specialisation focuses on the development of web-based applications, including designing and building websites, web-based software, and web-based platforms.

  • Mobile Application Development: This specialisation focuses on developing applications for mobile devices such as smartphones, tablets, and wearables. This includes designing, programming, and testing mobile applications.

  • Data Science: This specialisation focuses on the extraction and analysis of data to identify patterns, trends, and insights. This field includes data mining, statistical analysis, machine learning, and big data analytics.

  • Cloud Computing: This specialisation focuses on the use of cloud-based services and technologies to build and deploy software applications. It involves understanding cloud computing architectures, cloud security, and cloud-based software development.

  • Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: This specialisation focuses on the study of computer algorithms and programs that can learn and improve without human intervention. This field includes natural language processing, computer vision, and deep learning.

  • Cybersecurity: This specialisation focuses on protecting computer systems and networks from unauthorised access, theft, and damage. It involves developing security systems and protocols, testing security systems for vulnerabilities, and responding to security breaches.

Top MCA colleges in India 

Here are some of the top MCA colleges in India, based on rankings and reputation:

Name of the College 

NIRF Ranking 

Course Fee

Exams Accepted 

Average Salary Package

National Institute of Technology (NIT), Trichy


106,750 per year


10.80 Lakhs per annum

Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi


4,071- 1.20 lakh


8,00,000 Lakhs per annum

Delhi University (DU), New Delhi


47,290 Total fees


13.6 Lakhs per annum

Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), Vellore


1,40,000 Total fees


7.5 Lakhs per annum

Christ University, Bangalore


1,40,000 per year






7.5 Lakhs per annum

PES University, Bangalore


5 Lakhs Total fees


3 Lakhs per annum

Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), Pilani


2.39 Lakhs Total fees


6.1 Lakhs per annum

Pune Institute of Computer Technology (PICT), Pune


193,000 - 384,000







7.15 Lakhs per annum

NIT Warangal


75,000 per year


19.9 Lakhs per annum

SRM University, Chennai


2 Lakhs






IICD 2023.

4.2 LPA

These colleges are known for their excellent faculty, infrastructure, and placement opportunities for MCA graduates. However, it is important to note that the rankings and reputation of colleges can vary depending on the source, and students should do their own research to select the college that best suits their needs and aspirations.

Scope of MCA 

MCA (Master of Computer Applications) is a professional postgraduate degree program in computer applications that aims to provide advanced knowledge and practical skills in computer science and applications to students. The scope of MCA is vast, and it offers a wide range of career opportunities in various fields, including

  • Software Development: MCA graduates can work as software developers, designing and developing software solutions for various industries such as healthcare, finance, e-commerce, gaming, and more.

  • Web Development: MCA graduates can work as web developers, designing and developing websites and web applications using various programming languages and frameworks.

  • Database Administration: MCA graduates can work as database administrators, managing and maintaining databases for organisations and ensuring their security and integrity.

  • Networking and Security: MCA graduates can work as network administrators, ensuring the smooth functioning of computer networks and implementing security measures to prevent cyber-attacks.

  • Teaching and Research: MCA graduates can pursue a career in teaching and research by becoming professors, lecturers, or researchers in universities or research institutions.

  • Entrepreneurship: MCA graduates can start their own businesses and offer software and IT solutions to various industries.

Overall, the scope of an MCA is vast, and graduates have a wide range of career opportunities in various fields. With the rapid growth of the IT industry and the increasing demand for skilled professionals, MCA graduates are in high demand, and the scope of MCA is only expected to increase in the coming years. 

Why should you choose Sunstone for your MCA? 

At Sunstone you can-

  • Learn  MCA subjects and syllabus from expert faculty (ex-IIMs, IITs).
  • Get 100+ job profiles to choose from with 43 LPA highest package achieved. 
  • Lifetime access to a pan-India student community and many more opportunities and exposure. 


Which MCA course is the best?

Application Development is the most popular MCA specialisation among students which focuses on software development, programming languages, database management, and application testing. 

Are calculators allowed in the MCA entrance exam?

No, calculators are not allowed in MCA entrance examinations. 

Is MCA difficult to study?

MCA programs are rigorous and require consistent effort, dedication, and hard work to succeed. You will have to put in extra hours to complete assignments, projects, and study for exams. However, with consistent effort, guidance from teachers and peers, and a passion for the subject, you can successfully complete the MCA program.

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