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Scope of Biomedical Engineering in India
Many people aspire to study in different engineering fields in India to contribute to the nation's technological advancement. Engineering, as such, has several applications in people's daily lives, even though only engineers may understand these applications and principles better. One such field that has been rapidly growing over the last 10-15 years is biomedical engineering.
Even though the subject is expansive and a crucial part of the healthcare industry, only a few are aware of what it entails. Those who have a B. Tech degree in biomedical engineering know the biomedical engineering scope. For this reason, you should know more about biomedical engineering and its diverse applications in various areas.
What is Biomedical Engineering?
Biomedical engineering (BME) is a STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) field that harnesses engineering principles for medical advancement. Over the last decade, the biomedical engineering scope has increased multifold, leading to better healthcare services. A number of diagnostic tests help you identify illnesses early on and get appropriate medical care for the same result from biomedical engineering.
Biomedical procedures are also used to help pharmaceutical companies develop new medicines. This means that diseases that have been untreatable over the last decades can be treated, thanks to biomedical engineering.
Depending on the biomedical engineering courses available and what a student chooses to pursue, they can further learn about the specific sub-field and its intricacies.
Scope of Biomedical Engineering in India
In the last one or two decades, people have realised the importance of receiving correct and timely medical care and how it can help them lead better lives. A B.Tech course in biomedical engineering or an M. Tech degree is needed to work as a biomedical engineer or in a related profession.
Several colleges and universities also grant B.Tech scholarships for biomedical engineering to boost the scope of the subject.
Biomedical engineering aids in introducing biomedical devices and procedures which help people benefit through improved patient care. Biomedical engineering has applications in the following medical processes and more:
- Designing Diagnostic Devices and Machines
- Creation of Bioartificial Organs
- Conducting Medical Research
- Training Clinicians to Operate Machines
With the health concerns of the growing population in India and the COVID-19 pandemic helping people realise the need for better medical care, biomedical engineering has tremendous scope in India. Biomedical engineering aims to help people lead healthier lives by developing processes and devices for diagnosing health risks for which one can get timely treatment.
Biomedical Engineering Jobs
Below are some of the biomedical engineering job profiles that you can refer to:
- Biomedical Scientist/Researcher: As a biomedical researcher, the job entails carrying out a range of scientific tests in immunology, infections, blood, viruses, vaccines, etc., that help medical professionals diagnose and treat illnesses. Biomedical scientists work closely with pharmaceutical companies to test and perfect various medical formulas to be launched.
- Instrumentation Engineer: This biomedical engineer studies the design and maintenance of electronic medical equipment commonly used in clinics and hospitals. The engineer applies the engineering principles to understand the use and the issues in such devices so that the instruments can better assist professionals.
- Biomedical Engineer: As a biomedical engineer, your profession can comprise a range of tasks, such as designing systems, working with medical scientists and chemists, and studying the application of engineering in the biological systems of living beings. You could also train clinicians to use biomedical equipment and software while knowing how to install, repair, and maintain the same.
- Maintenance Engineer: The primary task of a maintenance engineer is to study, understand and manage the working of medical instruments. Depending on the job requirement, one may also be required to have a BCA degree. If you are studying to be a maintenance engineer, an analytical comparison between B.Tech vs BCA can be helpful for understanding the job.
- Installation Engineer: This type of engineer is responsible for installing complex medical equipment manufactured by keeping a record of the equipment’s work efficiency and working in coordination with the team of technicians.
Top Recruiters for Biomedical Engineering
Once you complete your biomedical engineering degree, these are some of the top recruiters in India and across the globe who can offer you a job:
- Siemens Healthcare
- Johnson and Johnson
- B. Braun
- GE Healthcare
- Philips Healthcare
Biomedical Engineering Salary
Depending on your career after a biomedical engineering degree, your salary can be anywhere between ₹3 lakhs to ₹10 lakhs per annum. Of course, this also includes various perks from your job and the experience you may have gained over the years.
Here is what the average salary range of a biomedical engineer looks like:
- Entry-Level Biomedical Engineering Candidate: ₹3 lakhs – ₹4 lakhs
- Mid-Level Biomedical Engineer: ₹4 lakhs – ₹5 lakhs
- Senior-Level Biomedical Engineer: Starting at ₹5 lakhs
Though biomedical engineering has been a popular course for a while in India, there is much to be explored regarding job opportunities. However, as of now, there are multiple fields where a degree in biomedical engineering is necessary.
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FAQ - Biomedical Engineering
What are the eligibility criteria for getting admission to biomedical engineering?
To be eligible for biomedical engineering, you must have completed 12th grade in science or a related stream with a minimum score of 50% or more. It is important that the education board under which your educational institution comes should be recognised in India.
Which are the top colleges offering biomedical engineering courses in India?
As per the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) 2021, here are some of the universities offering biomedical engineering courses in India:
- Indian Institute of Technology – IIT Madras, IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Banaras Hindu University
- VIT Vellore,
- Jadavpur University, Kolkata
What careers can a student take up after their biomedical engineering degree?
A student who has completed at least a Master of Technology degree in biomedical engineering can consider a career in dentistry, physiotherapy, management, law, and medicine.
When can one pursue a Masters of Technology degree in biomedical engineering?
To be eligible for an M.Tech in biomedical engineering, one should have completed their B.Tech in Biomedical Engineering or Biotechnology. You can qualify for a degree even if you have completed your MBBS.