How to Become a Data Analyst? Skills & Qualification

  • By Bhavya Thakkar
  • 25 February 2023
How to Become a Data Analyst? Skills & Qualification

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Coding and programming are two terms often thrown around in the technology industry, but they refer to different aspects of software development. Understanding the difference between code and program is crucial for anyone interested in pursuing a career in technology or wanting to learn more about software development. 

Coding and programming are high-demand skills that offer a variety of career opportunities for individuals with technical and creative abilities. In India, an MCA (Master of Computer Applications) degree is considered an important qualification for a career in coding and programming. The MCA program gives students a strong foundation in computer science, mathematics, and programming. 

Students learn various programming languages, such as Java, C++, and Python, and gain experience using various software development tools and technologies. Additionally, the MCA degree courses cover topics such as database management, data structures, algorithms, and software engineering, which are essential for a career in coding and programming.

[Also read: Popular Programming Languages.]

In this blog, we will delve into understanding what is difference between programming and coding

What Is Coding?

Coding refers to the process of writing code in a programming language. Code is a set of instructions that a computer can understand and execute to perform a specific task or solve a problem. Coding involves writing syntax specific to a particular programming language, such as Python, Java, C++, and many others, and using logic and problem-solving skills to write code that meets the requirements of a project. Therefore, coding requires a strong understanding of the syntax and concepts of a programming language, as well as the ability to translate a problem into a set of instructions that a computer can understand. As a result, coders play a crucial role in the software development process, writing the code that powers the software.

[Also read: Coding languages for AI Chatbot.]

What Is Programming?

Programming is the process of designing, building, and testing software. It involves much more than just writing code; it requires a deep understanding of technology and problem-solving skills. Programming begins with analysing the requirements of a project, creating a plan, and writing code to implement that plan. The process then involves:

  • Testing the software to ensure it works as expected.
  • Fixing any bugs found.
  • Continuing to refine and improve the software over time.

A programmer must also be able to collaborate with a team of developers, stakeholders, and clients to ensure the software meets their needs. In short, programming encompasses the entire process of building software, from start to finish, and requires diverse skills and knowledge.

Having understood what coding and programming mean, let us know the difference between coding and programming.

What Is The Difference Between Coding And Programming?

Coding and programming are two closely related yet distinct fields in the world of technology. Here is coding vs. programming





Coding refers to the process of writing code, a set of instructions that a computer can understand and execute to perform a specific task or solve a problem. 

Programming is the process of designing, building, and testing software — from start to finish.


The main purpose of coding is to translate a human-readable problem statement into a machine-readable solution. Coders write code that implements algorithms, data structures, and other building blocks of software to solve specific problems.

Programming also involves the application of problem-solving skills and creativity to find the best solution to a given problem. In addition, it requires an understanding of how to break down a problem into smaller, manageable parts and how to develop an algorithm to solve each part.

Skills required

  • Knowledge of programming languages
  • Syntax and logic
  • Problem-solving
  • Attention to detail
  • Debugging
  • Learning and adapting
  • Collaboration
  • Analytical skills
  • Knowledge of programming languages
  • Algorithmic thinking
  • Debugging and testing
  • Teamwork
  • Communication skills
  • Learning and adapting

Tools used 

Code libraries, command line tools, IDEs like Eclipse, Bootstrap, etc., and text editors such as Notepad, Sublime Text, etc.,

Code editors, debuggers, assemblers, modelling frameworks, assemblers, analytical tools, testing tools such as JUnit or Selenium, integration tools such as Jenkins, Version Control Systems such as Git, etc., 


Requires no previous preparations. Trial and error method.

Requires a comprehensive and orderly approach, understanding and planning based on every stage of the software development process. 


Write code that implements the solution.

Ensure the solution meets the needs of the stakeholders and is built in a way that is maintainable and scalable.


A simple software program that gives a desired output. It can also be a module or component of a larger software system.

A complete working application that creates a functional and efficient program that meets the needs of the project and the end-users.

Career prospects

Coders can work in software development, finance, healthcare, and other industries and specialise in front-end development or data analysis. 

Programmers can work as software developers, system architects, project managers, and business analysts, among others, and engage in various activities, including coding, requirements gathering, design, testing, and maintenance.

Coders and programmers have access to a wealth of communities and resources that can help them develop their skills and stay up-to-date with the latest technologies and best practices. Online forums and communities such as Stack Overflow, Professional Organisations, Open-source projects, and repositories such as Github offer their support for advancing software developers by providing access to various coding vs. programming examples.

In practice, coding and programming often work hand-in-hand. Programmers use coding to write the code that makes up the software program. However, they also perform many other tasks, such as designing the software architecture, creating user interfaces, and testing the program to ensure it works as intended.


Coding and programming are two important components of the software development process. Coding involves writing specific instructions in a programming language that a computer can understand and execute. Programming, on the other hand, is the larger process of designing, developing, and testing software. By understanding the coding and programming differences, individuals can gain a better understanding of the software development process and the role they can play in it. 

If you get enrolled in a Sunstone-powered college for your MCA degree, you may get access to many other skill development programs. These programs will help you get better jobs in the market. If you register for the Sunstone Placement Protection plan, you will get dedicated placement support with guaranteed interviews. 

FAQ - Coding vs. Programming

What gets paid more - coding or programming?

Programmers and coders can draw almost the same salary as freshers. However, the salary of a trade depends a lot on the candidate’s experience, the city of work, graduating college, grades, and of course, on the recruiter.

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