What is Cloud Computing? Everything You Need to Know

  • By Bhavya Thakkar
  • 1 March 2023

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Cloud computing has become an essential part of today's world as it has revolutionised how businesses and individuals work and utilise technology. It has provided a scalable, cost-effective, and flexible platform for storing, processing, and accessing data and applications.

It has also become one of the fastest-growing areas in the technology industry, with a rapidly increasing demand for skilled professionals. The top new technology trends suggest that, as more and more businesses move their operations to the cloud, the demand for cloud computing experts will continue to grow. 

Cloud computing offers a wide range of career opportunities for individuals with a background in technology. To become a cloud computing expert you can pursue an MCA Degree in Cloud Computing via various online and offline teaching platforms. These courses provide the knowledge and skills required to design, develop, and manage cloud-based solutions, which are in high demand in today's technology industry. 

What is Cloud Computing? 

Cloud computing is a model for delivering computing resources, including servers, storage, databases, networking, and software, over the internet. Instead of hosting these resources locally, businesses and individuals can access them remotely through a cloud service provider.

Cloud computing is based on the concept of shared resources, where multiple users can access the same resources without having to own and manage them individually. This results in significant cost savings and increased efficiency, as users can easily scale up or down their usage based on their needs, and pay only for what they use.

What are the types of Cloud Computing Services available?

There are three main types of cloud computing services:

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS): The cloud service provider offers infrastructure resources, such as virtual machines, storage, and networking, which users can access and manage as if they were their own.

Platform as a Service (PaaS): The cloud service provider offers a platform for users to build, deploy, and manage applications, without having to worry about the underlying infrastructure.

Software as a Service (SaaS): The cloud service provider offers software applications, which users can access and use through a web browser or mobile app, without having to install and manage the software themselves.

What is the purpose of cloud computing?

Cloud computing is used for a variety of reasons, including

  • Scalability and flexibility: Cloud computing allows businesses and individuals to easily scale up or down their computing resources as their needs change, without having to invest in expensive hardware or infrastructure.
  • Cost savings: Cloud computing reduces the need for businesses and individuals to purchase and maintain their computing resources, resulting in significant cost savings over time.
  • Accessibility: Cloud computing allows users to access their computing resources from anywhere with an internet connection, making it easier for remote work and collaboration.
  • Reliability and redundancy: Cloud service providers typically have multiple data centres and backup systems in place, ensuring that data and applications are always available and protected from failures.
  • Security: Cloud service providers often have dedicated teams and resources to ensure the security of their infrastructure and data, providing a level of security that may be difficult for businesses and individuals to achieve on their own.
  • Innovation: Cloud computing allows businesses and individuals to quickly experiment with new technologies and applications, without having to invest in new hardware or infrastructure.

Overall, cloud computing provides a powerful and flexible platform for storing, processing, and accessing data and applications, enabling businesses and individuals to work more efficiently and effectively.

What are the Basic Features of Cloud Computing?

The basic features of cloud computing include

  • On-demand self-service: Cloud computing provides users with the ability to provision computing resources, such as servers and storage, on-demand without human intervention.
  • Broad network access: Cloud computing resources are accessible from any device with an internet connection, including laptops, desktops, smartphones, and tablets.
  • Resource pooling: Cloud service providers pool resources, such as servers and storage, to serve multiple users, allowing for efficient use of resources and cost savings.
  • Rapid elasticity: Cloud computing resources can be quickly scaled up or down based on user demand, allowing for efficient use of resources and cost savings.
  • Measured service: Cloud computing resources are often offered on a pay-per-use basis, allowing users to only pay for the resources they consume, rather than having to make large upfront investments.

Examples of Cloud Computing 

Cloud computing is a technology that provides on-demand access to computing resources over the internet. These resources can include servers, storage, software, databases, and networking, which are provided as services to users and organisations. Here are a few examples of how cloud computing works:

  • Cloud-based email services

Cloud-based email services like Gmail, Yahoo, and Outlook are great examples of how cloud               computing is used. In this case, the user accesses the email application and stores emails and data in the cloud, rather than on their local computer. The cloud provider handles the email processing, storage, and backup, which frees up the user from the need to manage their own infrastructure.

  • Online file storage and sharing

Services like Dropbox, Google Drive, and OneDrive provide users with the ability to store and share files in the cloud. Users can access their files from anywhere, and any changes they make are automatically synced across all their devices.

  • Cloud-based business applications

Cloud-based business applications like Salesforce, HubSpot, and Microsoft Dynamics are examples of how cloud computing is used for business operations. Companies can use these applications to manage their sales, marketing, customer service, and other processes. The applications are hosted in the cloud, and users can access them from anywhere with an internet connection.

  • Cloud-based development platforms

Cloud-based development platforms like GitHub, Heroku, and AWS CodeStar are examples of how cloud computing is used for software development. Developers can use these platforms to collaborate, write, test, and deploy code without the need to maintain their own infrastructure.

  • Cloud-based virtual desktops

Cloud-based virtual desktops like Amazon WorkSpaces and Microsoft Windows Virtual Desktop are examples of how cloud computing is used to provide remote access to desktops and applications. Users can access their virtual desktops and applications from anywhere with an internet connection, making it easy to work from home or on the go.

MCA Course Highlights

Course Name 

MCA Cloud Computing 

Eligibility Criteria 

A Bachelor's Degree in Computer Applications with Mathematics as one of the subjects.

With a Minimum Required Percentage of 55%. 

Course Duration 

2 Years

Essential Skills 

  • Programming Skills
  • Data Management Abilities 
  • Problem-Solving Capabilities 
  • Communication and Collaboration Skills 

What is covered in the MCA-Cloud Computing curriculum?

The curriculum of an MCA Course with a specialisation in Cloud Computing may vary depending on the specific university or institution offering the degree. However, here is a general overview of the topics that are typically covered in such a program:

  • Cloud Computing Basics: An introduction to the basic concepts, principles, and technologies of cloud computing, including its history, evolution, and architecture.
  • Infrastructure in Cloud Computing: An in-depth study of the hardware and software infrastructure that supports cloud computing, including virtualization, storage, networking, and security.
  • Cloud Computing Platforms: An overview of the leading cloud computing platforms such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform, and IBM Cloud.
  • Applications of cloud computing: An exploration of the various types of cloud computing applications, including Software-as-a-Service (SaaS), Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS), and Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS).
  • Cloud Computing Services: A detailed examination of the different cloud computing services, such as computing, storage, database, networking, and security.
  • Deployment Models: An overview of the different cloud deployment models, including public, private, and hybrid clouds, and their benefits and drawbacks.
  • Governance and Compliance: A discussion of the legal and regulatory issues associated with cloud computing, including data privacy, security, and compliance.
  • Cloud Computing Economics: An examination of the economic considerations associated with cloud computing, including cost-benefit analysis, pricing models, and return on investment (ROI).
  • Project Management: A study of the project management methodologies and tools used in cloud computing, including Agile, DevOps, and ITIL.
  • Emerging Trends in Cloud Computing: An exploration of the latest developments and top new technology trends in cloud computing, including edge computing, serverless computing, and artificial intelligence (AI) in the cloud.

Altogether, an MCA in Cloud Computing program provides students with a comprehensive understanding of the key concepts, technologies, and applications of cloud computing, as well as the skills and knowledge required to design, deploy, and manage cloud-based solutions.

Top Colleges offering MCA in Cloud Computing

Name of the College 

NIRF Ranking 

Course Fee

Exams Accepted 

Average Salary Package

National Institute of Technology (NIT), Trichy


106,750 per year


10.80 Lakhs per annum

Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi


4,071- 1.20 lakh


8,00,000 Lakhs per annum

Delhi University (DU), New Delhi


47,290 Total fees


13.6 Lakhs per annum

Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), Vellore


1,40,000 Total fees


7.5 Lakhs per annum

Christ University, Bangalore


1,40,000 per year






7.5 Lakhs per annum

PES University, Bangalore


5 Lakhs Total fees


3 Lakhs per annum

Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), Pilani


2.39 Lakhs Total fees


6.1 Lakhs per annum

Pune Institute of Computer Technology (PICT), Pune


193,000 - 384,000







7.15 Lakhs per annum

NIT Warangal


75,000 per year


19.9 Lakhs per annum

SRM University, Chennai


2 Lakhs






IICD 2023.

4.2 LPA

Career Opportunities and Job Prospects after MCA Cloud Computing

MCA (Master of Computer Applications) in Cloud Computing is a highly specialised degree that equips students with the necessary skills and knowledge required to work with cloud-based technologies. Graduates of MCA Cloud Computing have a wide range of career opportunities and job prospects in various sectors.

One of the most significant advantages of pursuing an MCA in Cloud Computing is the growing demand for cloud computing professionals in the industry. Many companies, both large and small, are looking to migrate to cloud-based technologies, and there is a shortage of professionals who have the skills and expertise to manage the transition. This creates a wide range of job opportunities for MCA Cloud Computing graduates, including cloud architects, cloud engineers, cloud developers, and cloud security specialists.

Another advantage of pursuing an MCA in Cloud Computing is the potential for high-paying jobs. Cloud computing is a highly specialised field, and professionals with the necessary skills and experience are in high demand. As a result, MCA Cloud Computing graduates can expect to earn competitive salaries and benefits. You can also get one of the most exciting jobs after MCA in cloud computing. 

In addition to these job opportunities, MCA Cloud Computing graduates can also explore entrepreneurship opportunities by starting their own cloud-based services and solutions. Cloud computing is a rapidly growing field, and there is a lot of potential for innovation and creativity in this area.

Altogether, pursuing an MCA in Cloud Computing can lead to a fulfilling and lucrative career with a lot of potential for growth and innovation. Graduates of this program can expect to work in a wide range of industries and sectors, and there is a high demand for skilled cloud computing professionals.

Scope of MCA Cloud Computing 

The future of cloud computing is bright, and there is a lot of potential for growth and innovation in this field. Here are some of the trends and predictions for the future of cloud computing:

  • Continued growth of cloud services: Cloud computing has already experienced rapid growth in recent years, and this trend is expected to continue. As more businesses and individuals migrate to the cloud, there will be a growing demand for cloud services, including infrastructure, software, and platform as a service.
  • Increased adoption of hybrid cloud: Hybrid cloud, which combines public and private cloud infrastructure, is becoming more popular. This allows organisations to take advantage of the scalability and flexibility of public cloud services while maintaining control over their sensitive data.
  • Advancements in edge computing: Edge computing, which processes data near the source rather than in the cloud, is expected to become more prevalent. This is particularly important for applications that require low latency, such as IoT devices and autonomous vehicles.
  • Growing use of AI and machine learning: Cloud computing is well-suited for AI and machine learning applications, which require large amounts of data processing and storage. As these technologies become more widespread, there will be a growing demand for cloud-based AI and machine learning services.
  • Increased focus on cloud security: As more data is stored and processed in the cloud, there will be a greater emphasis on cloud security. This includes measures such as encryption, access controls, and threat detection.


Overall, the future of cloud computing is bright, and there are many opportunities for growth and innovation in this field. As technology continues to evolve, we can expect to see continued advancements and improvements in cloud computing services and infrastructure.

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FAQ - Cloud Computing

What is the "cloud" in cloud computing?

The "cloud" in cloud computing refers to a network of remote servers that are connected over the internet and used to store, manage, and process data. 

Are there any risks in using cloud computing?

Yes, some risks of using cloud computing include security vulnerabilities and potential loss of control over data and applications.

How are cloud strategies developed?

Developing a cloud strategy involves several steps, including

  1. Assessing your current IT infrastructure and identifying areas where cloud computing could help improve efficiency and reduce costs.
  2. Evaluating different cloud service providers and determining which provider(s) can best meet your organisation's needs.
  3. Develop a plan for migrating your applications and data to the cloud, including any necessary changes to your existing IT systems.
  4. Defining policies and procedures for managing your cloud environment, including security measures and data backup strategies.
  5. Continuously monitor and evaluate your cloud strategy to ensure that it remains aligned with your organisation's goals and the top new technology trends.

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