Aeronautical Engineering: The Detailed Guide

  • By Christy J. Varghese
  • 29 January 2023
Aeronautical Engineering

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Aeronautical Engineering: The Detailed Guide

The BTech program in aeronautical engineering prepares several skills for engineers, including designing, constructing, analysing, and testing commercial/military aircraft, missiles, and spacecraft. Taking a BTech course from a reputable college can promise a successful future. To do that, the student must be familiar with the career path of aeronautical science.

Keep reading to learn about eligibility, the admission process, the syllabus, top colleges and career options in aeronautical engineering.

Aeronautical Engineering – An Overview

  • Aeronautical Engineering is a four-year undergraduate course focusing primarily on aeroplane control and design in the aviation and shipping sectors.
  • The Aeronautical Engineering subjects covered in the BTech course are acoustics, thermodynamics, ultrasonics, aircraft performance, and avionics.
  • Also, this BTech course provides adequate knowledge of applied mechanical, electrical engineering, and fundamental aerospace technology.
  • It also helps students develop modern aerospace engineering concepts and understand the nuances of engineering design in aircraft construction.
  • Graduates of BTech Aeronautical Engineering have a wide range of job opportunities in India and abroad.

Aeronautical Engineering Eligibility and Admission Process

  • Candidates must have a minimum score of 50-60% on their 10+2 with PCM as a compulsory subject.
  • Certain universities require students to pass an engineering entrance exam (like JEE, SRMJEEE, BITSAT etc.) at the national or state level.
  • To gain admission to private universities, students must score well on university entrance exams.
  • In addition, students must pass the fitness test conducted by universities affiliated with the Indian Air Force.

BTech Aeronautical Engineering Syllabus

Listed below is the semester-wise syllabus of BTech aeronautical engineering.

Semester I

Semester II

Introduction to Aerospace Engineering

Environmental Studies

Engineering Physics I

Engineering Physics II

Basic Electrical Engineering

Engineering Mechanics

Professional Communication Skills

Materials Science and Metallurgy

Engineering Mathematics-I

Engineering Mathematics-II

Engineering Physics Laboratory

Engineering Chemistry

Basic Electrical Laboratory

Chemistry Lab

Computer Programming (Theory + Lab)

Basic Electronics Engineering (Theory+Lab)


Semester III

Semester IV

Fluid Systems


Mechanics of Solids

Applied Dynamics and Vibration

Aero Engineering Thermodynamics

Aircraft Systems and Instruments

Machine Elements and Drawing

Kinematics of Machines

Engineering Mathematics - III

Engineering Mathematics - IV

Material Strength Laboratory

Elements of Aeronautics

Thermodynamics Lab

Aircraft Systems Laboratory

Fluid Systems Lab

Aerodynamics Lab


Semester V

Semester VI

Automatic Control

Optimisation Techniques in Engineering

Spaceflight Mechanics

Control Engineering

Aerodynamics - II

Aerospace Structures

Atmospheric Flight Mechanics

Professional Elective I

Microprocessor and Microcontrollers

Professional Elective II

Aerodynamics Lab

control Engineering Lab

Propulsion (Theory + Laboratory)

Aerospace Structures Lab


Semester VII

Semester VIII

Basic Avionics

Project Work

Heat Transfer

Practical Viva Voce

Aerospace Vehicle Design

Summer Internship and Training

Professional Elective - III

Industrial Management and Economics

Professional Elective - IV


Avionics Lab


Flight Mechanics (Theory+Lab)


Top Aeronautical Engineering Colleges in India

Given below are the top aeronautical engineering colleges in India.

College Name

NIRF Ranking

Total Course fees

IIT Madras


₹10 Lakhs

IIT Bombay


₹9.1 Lakhs

IIT Kharagpur


₹8 Lakhs

Anna University Chennai


₹1.38 Lakhs

Amity University Noida


₹12 Lakhs

Indian Institute of Space and Technology Trivandrum


₹5.48 Lakhs

MIT Manipal


₹14 Lakhs

Kalasalingam University Krishnankovil


₹5 Lakhs

Hindustan Institute of Technology and Science Chennai


₹9.3 Lakhs

Institute of Aeronautical Engineering Hyderabad


₹3.2 Lakhs

Aeronautical Engineering – Job, Scope and Salary

There is a greater demand for jobs in several fields related to aviation and aerospace after a B.Tech in Aeronautical Engineering. Providing aviation services and manufacturing parts are part of the scope of the Aeronautical Engineering B.Tech. 

Many top jobs are available in government firms, such as the University Grants Commission (UGC), the Indian Institute of Space and Technology (IIST), and ISRO.

The following are possible jobs after B.Tech in Aeronautical Engineering:

  • Pilot
  • Aviation Systems Engineer
  • Hardware Architect
  • Avionics Engineer
  • Design Engineer
  • Electrical Engineer
  • Structural Engineer
  • Software Engineer

For engineers with experience, the job designation is:

  • Chief Pilot
  • Chief Research Manager
  • Wing Commander
  • Scientist
  • Research and Development Head
  • Senior Design Engineer
  • Senior Project Manager

Aeronautical Engineering – Recruitment Areas

Choosing the engineering stream in aeronautics can allow you to work in diverse environments, including the aviation and defence industries. Aeronautical engineers are recruited in the following areas:

  • Aviation parts manufacturing
  • Civil Aviation Industry
  • Automotive Industry
  • Aerospace Industry
  • Shipment and Cargo Industry
  • Defence Sector
  • Software and Technical Solutions
  • Design and Structural Engineering

Aeronautical Engineering Salary

  • Aeronautical Engineering salary in India varies based on experience, research topics, technical knowledge, communication skills, etc.
  • Generally, jobs in this field require more practical knowledge, which students learn during the curriculum.
  • The average salary after a BTech in Aeronautical Engineering varies between ₹4 - 12 LPA across various sectors.
  • A person's sector of choice and the difficulty level associated with their job designation are key factors affecting their pay.

Aeronautical engineering graduates earn the following average salaries:

Job Designation

Average Annual Salary

Design Engineer

₹3.42 Lakhs

Avionics Engineer

₹5.5 Lakhs

Technical Specialist

₹10 Lakhs

Aeronautical Engineering – Government Jobs

In the public sector, aeronautical engineers have a variety of job opportunities. In the public sector, they average between ₹4 and 10 LPA. Here are a few popular job titles:

Government Companies

Job Role

Average Annual Package

National Aeronautics Limited

Aeronautical Engineer, Avionics Specialist

₹3.6 - 6 LPA

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited

Project Engineer, Design Engineer, Aeronautical Engineer

₹4.8 LPA


Aeronautical Engineer

₹5.17 LPA

Indian Air Force

Wing Commander, Air Marshal, Commander

₹9 LPA


Aerospace Engineer, Aeronautical Engineer

₹6.7 - 20 LPA

Air India

Engineer Officer

₹13.8 LPA

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Start a rewarding career in aeronautical engineering by choosing one of India’s top colleges with Sunstone’s benefits.

  • Sunstone is a leading education provider, having tie-ups with top leading colleges in over 30+ cities across the country.
  • You can choose from various in-demand advanced certifications when you are doing your course with a college through Sunstone.
  • Sunstone will prepare you for the job from day one through its dynamic learning modules and job-focused training.
  • Also, they offer 50 guaranteed interviews with 1000+ recruiting companies and provide 100% placement assistance.
  • With Sunstone, you can enjoy life-long placement support through the alumni network.

FAQ - Aeronautical Engineering

What is aeronautical engineering?

An undergraduate course in aeronautical engineering focuses on aeroplane control and design in the aviation and shipping industries.

How to become an aeronautical engineer?

After completing 12th grade with a minimum of 70%, you can apply for aeronautical engineering courses with leading colleges.

You can become an aeronautical engineer upon successful completion of UG in aeronautics.

How can I become an aeronautical engineer after 12th?

Students who have completed their class 12th examination with PCM as a core subject having a minimum of 70 to 75% are eligible to apply for the entrance exam for BTech Aeronautical Engineering.

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